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Gum Diseases

Gum diseases (also known as periodontal diseases) are serious infections that affect the gums and the structures supporting the teeth. They range from simple gum inflammation,known as gingivitis, to more severe forms that result in significant damage to the soft tissue and bone, potentially leading to tooth loss. Common symptoms include red, swollen gums, bleeding while brushing, bad breath, and loose teeth. Early detection and treatment are crucial in preventing the progression of these diseases, highlighting the importance of regular dental check-ups and maintaining good oral hygiene.

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Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease, characterized by inflammation of the gums. It is commonly caused by the buildup of bacterial plaque. Symptoms of gingivitis include red, swollen gums that may bleed easily during brushing or flossing. While gingivitis is usually painless, if left untreated, it can progress to more serious forms of periodontal disease. Fortunately, gingivitis can be reversed with good oral hygiene practices, such as regular brushing and flossing, as well as professional dental cleanings.

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Periodontitis

Periodontitis is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue and without treatment can destroy the bone that supports your teeth. It typically starts as gingivitis which is a milder form of gum disease. Symptoms of periodontitis include swollen and bleeding gums, bad breath, and receding gums. Over time it can cause teeth to loosen or even fall out. The main cause of periodontitis is poor oral hygiene, leading to plaque buildup. Treatment involves professional cleaning to remove plaque and tartar, medications, and sometimes surgery to restore supportive tissues. Good oral hygiene and regular dental check-ups are essential to prevent periodontitis.

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Gum Recession

Gum recession occurs when the gum tissue surrounding the teeth wears away or pulls back, exposing more of the tooth or its root. This can lead to gaps or "pockets" between the teeth and gum line, making it easier for bacteria to build up.

Causes of Gum Recession

  1. Periodontal Diseases: Bacterial infections that destroy gum tissue and supporting bone.

  2. Poor Oral Hygiene: Leads to plaque buildup, causing gum recession.

  3. Aggressive Brushing: Hard brushing can wear down enamel and gums.

  4. Genetics: Some individuals are more susceptible to gum disease.

  5. Hormonal Changes: Pregnancy, puberty and menopause can make gums more sensitive.

  6. Tobacco Use: Causes sticky plaque buildup.

  7. Teeth Grinding and Clenching: Puts excessive force on the teeth.

  8. Crooked Teeth or Misaligned Bite: Uneven bite can promote gum recession.

Importance of Treating Gum Recession

Treating gum recession is crucial to prevent further dental issues such as tooth decay, tooth loss, and bone damage. If you notice signs like increased tooth sensitivity or longer appearing teeth, consult a dental professional for appropriate treatment options.

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